Kraton or Sultan Palace is the palace building with its grand and elegant Javanese architecture, lies in the centre of the city. It was founded by Pangeran Mangkubumi in 1755. The Prince was then called Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I. He chose the right place for the site of the building, right between Winongo and Code river, a swamp area that dried up then.
The Palace building stretches from north to south. The front yard of the palace is called alun-alun Utara (North Square) and the back yard called alun-alun Selatan (South Square). The design of the building shows that the palace, the obelisk (The Tugu, the column), and Mount Merapi lie in one line. It is believed that the axis is sacred.
The visitor of the palace can enjoy the Atmosphere of the Kraton as it was some centuries ago. Wedding ceremonies, palace meeting which is often held with puppet shows to create such an atmosphere. Many sets of gamelan music instruments, antiques, and heirlooms make the palace of Yogyakarta the most interesting tourist attractions in Yogyakarta. The palace of NgayogyokartoHadiningrat is now the dwelling place of Sultan Hamengku Buwono X and the family.